Obviously we can only talk about the discipline of Reining at a very high level in 5 mins. To learn more about this growing horse sport then why come along to a demonstration (click here for a list of events) or even have a western riding lesson with David.
In a reining pattern, we have to ride circles at a canter or gallop. The large circles have to be done at a fast speed so, as fast as you physically can, and the small circle has to done at a slow pace. When we transition from the fast circle, we don't want to have to pull on the horse. The horse should just come down to a slow pace, and the horse should stay relaxed and then can become calm at the same time. In a reining pattern you would have to fast and slow circles to the left, and to the right.
The spin is a 360 degree turn on the horse's hind end. He should pivot on his inside hind leg, and its front legs should cross over in front.
In a competition you would actually have to do the spin to the left and towards the right. That's a spin, the spin is a really exciting fun maneuver to ride.
Sliding stop is when a horse will go from a gallop or a canter to a stop. The horse will stop on its back end, he will slide on his back feet and his front feet will carry on moving in the end, until he comes to a perfect stop.
You know you have a good stop when all you have to say is whoa, shift your weight so your legs go slightly forwards and the horse should then stop. We teach that first at the walk, then trot, then the canter, then go up into the gallop.